Honey - A Reference Guide to Nature’s Sweetener (Rev. 2005)

Honey - A Reference Guide to Nature’s Sweetener (Rev. 2005)

This reference guide includes information on the following topics: Antimicrobial Properties, Antioxidants, Calories, Chemical Characteristics, Color, Composition, Crystallization, Diabetes, Dried Honey,...

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - April 2016

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Get Inspired Honey Thanksgiving Giveaway Official Rules & Regulations

As part of the holiday season, the National Honey Board (NHB) is hosting a honey-Thanksgiving-themed giveaway via their Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages. You can download the official rules and regulations below for details on how to enter.

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Get Inspired Honey Baking Giveaway Official Rules & Regulations

As part of the holiday season, the National Honey Board (NHB) is hosting a honey-baking-themed giveaway via their Facebook, Twitter and Instagram pages. You can download the official rules and regulations below for details on how to enter.

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - October 2015

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - April 2015

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Reimbursement Requests

To request a reimbursement of assessments collected by the U.S. Customs Service or paid by first handlers on honey and honey products that should have been exempted but was paid to the National Honey Board, complete the Application for...

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Request for Reimbursement

To request a reimbursement of assessments collected by the U.S. Customs Service or paid by first handlers on honey and honey products that should have been exempted but was paid to the National Honey Board, complete the Application for...

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - October 2014

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Sweet Inspirations - Brochure

Sweet Inspirations - Brochure

We are pleased to offer Honey: Sweet Inspiration for Foodservice Professionals—a high-quality, full-color honey brochure, brimming with unique recipe ideas, usage tips and other honey information. This is one brochure you’ll want to...

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Honey Beverage Guide

Honey Beverage Guide

NEW This colorful, content-rich brochure is designed to help foodservice pros sweeten their beverage offering -- from honey-inspired non-alcoholic drinks to cocktails, beer and mead.  The guide includes a Honey 101 with varietal information,...

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - APRIL 2014

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Let’s Get Cooking, Honey

Let’s Get Cooking, Honey

Honey is a functional and versatile ingredient with a unique flavor profile that can balance and enhance recipes both savory and sweet. On this infographic, you will find information on the properties of and uses for four varieties of honey:...

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The Sweet Truth Behind Honey

The Sweet Truth Behind Honey

This handout shares the story behind the harvesting of honey from honey bee, to supermarket shelves, and into your kitchen party. Find out the “sweet truth” about honey here! 

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Sweeten Up Your Food with Honey!

Sweeten Up Your Food with Honey!

Honey, is a natural sweetener. It’s easy to pair with many of your favorite wholesome foods and adds an extra boost of energy with a sweet taste to any meal or snack. This infographic shares some ideas for pairing foods with honey.

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24 Hours of Honey!

24 Hours of Honey!

Make honey your ‘round-the-clock’ secret ingredient for summertime meals and snacks. This handout provides ideas to incorporate honey at any time of day.

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September is National Honey Month

September is National Honey Month

September marks National Honey Month. Check out four great reasons why you should be celebrating National Honey Month in September and beyond!

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Here’s to Celebrations & New Beginnings

Here’s to Celebrations & New Beginnings

You may be looking for a natural cough suppressant this season or a new take on a healthy breakfast. Discover fresh ideas on how to incorporate honey into your life with this handout.

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Annual Report 2013

Annual Report 2013

The 2013 Annual Report is a thorough summary of the National Honey Board’s activities for the previous year, including marketing and research, as well as a comprehensive treasurer’s report. Click Here to view the 2013 Annual Report

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About the Experts

About the Experts

Want to learn more about The Sweet Truth Behind Honey panel? Learn more about our experts here.

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - OCTOBER 2013

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2012 Study - Comparison of Vitamin, Mineral and Antioxidant Levels in Raw and Processed Honey

Ropa Science Research Introduction Honey, by definition, is the substance made when the nectar and sweet deposits from plants are gathered, modified and stored in the honeycomb by honey bees. When bees undergo this miraculous collection,...

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Infant Botulism

Infant Botulism

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Board Meeting Minutes - April 2013

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Nature’s Relief for Coughs

Nature’s Relief for Coughs

Instead of looking through your medicine cabinet the next time you have a nagging cough or scratchy throat, head to your pantry. Nurse Barb’s pantry staple may be the natural solution you need.

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Annual Report 2012

Annual Report 2012

The 2012 National Honey Board Annual Report is a comprehensive overview of last year’s activities with results of marketing and research programs, as well as a detailed treasurer’s report. Click Here to view the 2012 Annual Report.

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Board Meeting Minutes - October 2012

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The Seven Wonders of Honey

The Seven Wonders of Honey

This pantry staple is much more than a simple sweetener…

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The Enzymes of Honey

Honey naturally contains small amounts of enzymes.  This paper describes the enzymes found in honey and their impact in food manufacturing. 

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Comparison of Vitamin, Mineral and Antioxidant Levels in Raw and Processed Honey

Ropa Science Research Research Project Funded by the National Honey Board – D. Ropa, 2012 This 2012 study examined the effects of commercial processing on the pollen and nutrient content of honey.  Processing reduced the pollen...

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USDA NUTRIENT DATABASE

Find nutrient information on nearly 8,000 foods using this resource. You can now search by food item, group, or list to find the nutrient information for your food items. USDA Nutrient Database

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BOARD MEETING MINUTES - MARCH 2012

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Sweet Stirrings - Cocktail Guide

Sweet Stirrings - Cocktail Guide

Spiral-bound and bar-ready with 50 gorgeous, splash-proof pages, the robust new Sweet Stirrings cocktail guide features 32 honey-inspired cocktail recipes and color photography, honey simple syrup tips and information on honey varietals to spice up...

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Sweetening the Pot with Honey - Poster

Sweetening the Pot with Honey - Poster

A full-color, laminated, 16"x24” Sweetening the Pot with Honey poster is available from the National Honey Board. Suitable for back-of-the-house or other internal/educational purposes, the complimentary poster highlights honey usage and...

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Honey Culinary Library - CD

Honey Culinary Library - CD

The Honey Culinary Library CD is a resource for chefs and foodservice professionals who develop recipes with honey, as well as for foodservice editorial use including articles focused on honey and its benefits. The kit includes a photo library of...

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€œThe Honey Files Teacher€™s Guide

€œThe Honey Files Teacher€™s Guide

“The Honey Files” is a comprehensive video and educational guide available from the National Honey Board. The Video is also available online. Click Here to watch it online today. This 20-minute VHS/DVD video and 96-page...

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NHB Supply Catalog

The National Honey Board creates and makes available many brochures, informational sheets, cookbooks, posters, etc. These are made available at our cost to members of the Honey Industry for them to use in educating and informing their consumers...

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Honey Simplified

Honey Simplified

This brochure does a great job of describing in very simple terms “How Honey Gets From Hive to Bottle”. Clear illustrations show the step-by-step process, and emphasize how nothing is added to the honey along the way.

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The Beauty of Honey

The Beauty of Honey

It doesn’t take a celebrity-sized salary to get glowing skin. Save money and create spa-like, honey-based beauty products at home. Because honey contains naturally occurring enzymes,  vitamins and minerals,  100 percent pure honey...

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7 Days, 7 Ways (Snack Brochure)

7 Days, 7 Ways (Snack Brochure)

A different snack for each day of the week! This brochure features 7 different easy-to-make kid-friendly snacks, all made with honey.

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In the Garden

In the Garden

On the following pages, you’ll find a variety of ideas for delicious recipes, soothing beauty treatments and homemade food gifts that combine honey with nature’s generous garden bounty.

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Sweet and Simple Spa Moments

Sweet and Simple Spa Moments

In need of a little pampering to relax the body and revive the soul? With sweet and soothing honey, you can bypass that expensive trip to the spa and create mini-spa treatments and healthful menu ideas economically at home.

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Batch Control Form

Sample Batch Control Form. A Batch Control Form will be intitiated for each batch of honey processed for shipment to the European Union. 

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Producer Purity Certification Form - per crop year

Producer Purity Certification Form for certification per crop year. Handlers must obtain a certification of honey purity from each producer whose honey will be shipped to the European Union.

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Producer Purity Certification Form - per contract

Producer Purity Certification Form for certification per contract. Handlers must obtain a certification of honey purity from each producer whose honey will be shipped to the European Union.

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GAIN Report: Ban on U.S. Honey Lifted

The European Commission passed a decision amending the approval of residue plans of third countries. This amendment effectively re-lists the United States as one of the third countries eligible to export honey to the EU.

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Comparison of Mineral and Enzyme Levels in Raw and Processed Honey

Ropa Science Research Research Project Funded by National Honey Board - D. Ropa, 2010 To ascertain just how much honey changes after it has been heated and filtered, the National Honey Board contracted with American Analytical Laboratories to...

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Usage Tips for Foodservice Professionals

A collection of tips for Foodservice Professionals, including new ways to add honey to the menu, a table of honey's attributes, and ideas for seasonal and promotional use.

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Honey Applications

Honey Applications

A sheet of 9 line drawings, showing honey at work in various applications: brewing, restaurant entrees, school, honey research, cooking, presentations, sports, fine dining and hot beverages. To use individual images, just download the sheet and...

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Busy Bees

Busy Bees

These bees are hard at work in a number of occupations: sign carrier, chef, doctor, pollinator, tourist, janitor, ruler, scout and wax mason. Use these to illustrate your newsletter, blog article or school project! To use individual bees, simply...

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Hive to Container to Home

Hive to Container to Home

Here we have some fine line art showing two different renditions of bees in the hive (and hovering around some clover), as well as some assorted honey containers, and a couple images of honey being used in the home - in some tea, and alongside...

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Wallpaper - Wall of Bears

Wallpaper - Wall of Bears

This wallpaper features a festive display of honey bears, ready to march onto your shelf and await their chance to serve up some sweet honey!

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Wallpaper - Jars of Honey

Wallpaper - Jars of Honey

This wallpaper clearly shows several different honey forms and floral sources. There is comb honey and creamed honey, as well as a variety of colors of liquid honey.

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Reporting Form

First Handler's report form for honey packers and importers research, promotion, consumer education and industry information order.

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Application for a Certificate of Exemption

A first handler who handles less than 250,000 pounds of honey or honey products per calendar year or an importer who imports less than 250,000 pounds of honey or honey products per calendar year is exempt from paying assessments.

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Organic Exemption Request Form

Form for eligible honey handlers and importers to apply for the organic exemption. 

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Honey Trivia

1. How many flowers must honey bees tap to make one pound of honey?   Two million. 2. How far does a hive of bees fly to bring you one pound of honey?   Over 55,000 miles. 3. How much honey does the average worker honey bee make...

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Notable, Quotable Honey

“If you want to gather honey, don’t kick over the beehive.” Abraham Lincoln “The only reason for being a bee that I know of is making honey… and the only reason for making honey is so I can eat it.” Winnie...

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Honey History Facts

LITERATURE: 21ST CENTURY B.C. Honey is alluded to in the Sumerian and Babylonian cuneiform writings, the Hittite code, the sacred writings of India, the Vedas and in the ancient writings of Egypt. BIBLICAL Palestine is often referred to as...

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Honey Color and Flavor

Honey Color and Flavor - It all depends on where the bees buzz The color and flavor of honeys differ depending on the nectar source (the blossoms) visited by the honey bees. In fact, there are more than 300 unique types of honey available in the...

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USDA Standards for Grades of Extracting Honey

Extracted honey (hereinafter referred to as honey) is honey that has been separated from the comb by centrifugal force, gravity, straining, or by other means.

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Shelf-Life and Stability

Honey stored in sealed containers can remain stable for decades and even centuries! However, honey is susceptible to physical and chemical changes during storage; it tends to darken and lose its aroma and flavor.

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pH & Acids in Honey

A number of organic acids are known to occur in honey, including acetic, butyric, citric, formic, gluconic, lactic, malic, pyroglutamic, and succinic.

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Microorganisms in Honey

Knowledge of the moisture and temperature conditions influencing growth of microorganisms in honey has long been used to control the spoilage of honey.

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Honey Substitution Chart

On a sweetening basis, honey is about 25% sweeter than sugar or sucrose due to its fructose content.

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Filtration Methods

This article focuses on the membrane separation systems, ion exchange and adsorption because of their interest to the honey industry.

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Dried Honey

Dried honey products available commercially for industrial use are derived from pure liquid honey.

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Definition of Honey

Honey is the substance made when the nectar and sweet deposits from plants are gathered, modified and stored in the honeycomb by honey bees.

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Crystallization of Honey

While crystallization is usually undesirable in liquid honey, controlled crystallization can be used to make a desirable product.

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Carbohydrates and Honey

Because honey contains such a variety of carbohydrates and other nutrients, it is much more than just a sweetener.

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Hard Honey Cider

Hard cider, the American term for the alcoholic beverage, is a light-tasting, slightly sweet drink with approximately the same alcohol content as beer. Hard cider is typically made from a blend of juices from bittersweet and culinary apples.

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Homebrew Recipes

Honey-Ginger Spice Beer, Honey-Chamomile Ale, Honey-Nut Brown Ale, Buckwheat-Honey Oatmeal Stout, Honey-Sage Pale Ale recipes.

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Honey and Homebrewing: A Sweet History

The use of honey in beers has become popular with the rise of micro and homebrews.

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Making Mead: The Art and the Science

Making mead is a centuries-old practice that can be enjoyed by the home brewer. As with the preparation of most foods and beverages, the making of a good mead is a blend of science and art.

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Honey in Ethnic Flat Breads

Flat breads include a variety of ethnic products such as Mediterranean breads (focaccia), Middle Eastern breads (pita, barbari, zata), Indian breads (naan), and other Asian or European breads.

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Honey in Frozen Doughs

Honey is an important ingredient in baking and cereal-based products.

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Honey in Heat-Processed and Fresh Salsas

Honey is used widely in many condiments including mustards, barbecue sauces and dressings, yet only occasionally in salsa.

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Honey in Beer

From a technical standpoint, virtually any type of honey can be used in the brewing process. The United States produces over 300 types of honey, with the colors ranging from water white to dark amber and the...

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The Effect of Honey on the Growth of Bifidobacteria

Michigan State University Research Project Funded by National Honey Board - Z. Ustunol, Ph.D., 2001 Bifidobacteria are part of a group of bacteria considered important to the health of the gastrointestinal tract (GI).  Clinical studies have...

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US honeys varying in glucose and fructose content elicit similar glycemic indexes

Journal of American Dietetic Association Ischayek JI, Kern M., 2006 Aug; 106(8):1260-2 The predominant carbohydrates found in honey are glucose and fructose, the relative percentages of which depend largely on the floral variety. Research...

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Frequent consumption of honey, tea and ham may be effective to improve selenium concentration

Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2004 May 6;48(3):134-140 Frequent consumption of honey, tea and ham may be effective to improve selenium concentration in selenium-inadequate individuals Selenium has recently gained attention for its...

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Acute and Chronic Effects of Honey and Its Carbohydrate Constituents on Calcium Absorption in Rats

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Ariefdjohan, Martin, Lachcik, and Weaver: 2008, 56, 2649–2654 The effects of honey and its carbohydrate constituents (glucose, fructose, and raffinose) on calcium absorption in rats were...

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Honey enhances the production of lactic acid from Bifidobacteria

Journal of Food Science 2001;66(3):478-481 Lactic acid bacteria are common starter cultures used by the dairy industry to manufacture fermented dairy products (i.e., yogurt). Honey may be an ideal sweetener for yogurt due to its sugar...

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Honey Can Serve as an Effective Carbohydrate Replacement During Endurance Exercise

Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 2004;18(3):466-72 The benefit of CHO consumption during endurance exercise is well-documented. It is generally recommended that a high glycemic index (GI) carbohydrate (CHO) be used; although data...

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Honey can enhance the growth and acid production of human Bifidobacterium ssp.

Journal of Food Protection 2002;65(1):214-8 The study examined the potential for honey to act as a pre-biotic, i.e., enhance the growth of and promoting lactic and acetic acid production by human intestinal Bifidobacteria. Five human intestinal...

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Identification and Quantification of Antioxidant Components of Honeys from Various Floral Sources

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2002, Vol. 50, No. 21, pp.5870-5877 The objective of this study was to quantify and characterize the antioxidants and some of the isolated phenolic compounds and/or fractions of honeys from seven...

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Antioxidant capacity of honeys from various floral sources

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2002;8;50(10):3050-5 Antioxidant capacity of honeys from various floral sources and inhibition of in vitro lipoprotein oxidation in human serum samples In this study honeys from seven different floral...

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Honeys with high phenolic contents can increase serum antioxidant capacity in healthy human subjects

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2003;51(6):1732-1735 The effects of consuming 1.5 g/kg body weight of corn syrup or buckwheat honey on the antioxidant and reducing capacities of plasma. Forty subjects were randomly assigned to one of...

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Buckwheat Honey Increases Serum Antioxidant Capacity in Humans

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2003, Vol. 51 pp. 1500-1505 This study examined the acute effects of consuming buckwheat honey (dissolved in water) compared to black tea, black tea with sugar, or black tea with buckwheat honey on...

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Chronic Honey Consumption Increases Plasma Antioxidant Concentration

Abstract presented at the American Chemical Society March 29, 2004 Gross H. Effect of honey consumption on plasma antioxidant status in human subjects. Previous research has indicated that a acute honey consumption (i.e., a single dose) can...

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Effect of Processing and Storage on Antioxidant Capacity of Honey

Journal of Food Science 2004;69(2):96-101 Commercial honey processing generally involves controlled heating (to destroy yeast and delay granulation) combined with fine straining or pressure filtration. There has been concern that the processing...

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Total Antioxidant Content of Alternatives to Refined Sugar

Journal of the AMERICAN DIETETIC ASSOCIATION 2009; 109:64-71 Background: Oxidative damage is implicated in the etiology of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other degenerative disorders. Recent nutritional research has focused on the...

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Sweet Tips for Honey Use

Sweet Tips for Honey Use

Cooking and storage tips. Store honey at room temperature – your kitchen counter or pantry shelf is ideal. For best results, use recipes developed for using honey, a few recipes included.

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Board Meeting Minutes - October 2011

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Board Meeting Minutes - February 2011

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Board Meeting Minutes - October 2010

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Board Meeting Minutes - March 2010

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Board Meeting Minutes - October 2009

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Board Meeting Minutes - April 2009

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Annual Report 2011

Annual Report 2011

The 2011 National Honey Board Annual Report is a comprehensive overview of last year’s activities with results of marketing and research programs, as well as a detailed treasurer’s report. Click Here to view the 2011 Annual Report.

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Honey History Facts

LITERATURE: 21ST CENTURY B.C.
Honey is alluded to in the Sumerian and Babylonian cuneiform writings, the Hittite code, the sacred writings of India, the Vedas and in the ancient writings of Egypt.

BIBLICAL
Palestine is often referred to as “the land of milk and honey.” (Exodus 3:8)

EGYPT: 30TH CENTURY B.C.
Honey was used in most households as a sweetening agent. The people of this time valued honey highly, thus, it was commonly used as a tribute or payment. Honey was also used to feed sacred animals.

SUMERIA, ASSYRIA AND BABYLONIA: 21ST CENTURY B.C.
Honey was poured over thresholds and stones bearing commemorative offerings. Honey and wine were also poured over bolts that were to be used in sacred buildings.

GREECE: 7TH CENTURY B.C.
An ancient custom was the offering of honey to the gods and to spirits of the dead. Mead, an alcohol drink made with honey, was considered the drink of the gods.

GERMANY: 11TH CENTURY A.D.
German beer was sweetened with honey. German peasants were required to give their feudal lords a payment of honey and beeswax.

AMERICAS: 16TH CENTURY A.D.
Conquering Spaniards found that the natives of Mexico and Central America had already developed beekeeping. A distinct family of stingless bees (not true honey bees) was native to these regions.

AMERICAN COLONIES: 17TH CENTURY A.D.
European settlers introduced European honey bees to New England in about 1638. North American natives called these honey bees the “white man’s flies.” Honey was used to prepare food and beverages, to make cement, to preserve fruits, to concoct furniture paste-polish and varnish and for medicinal purposes.